Education in mathematics has shifted much over the years. Even though the principles of math are unchanging and universal, there is always a new and better way to teach it. Currently, teachers are being trained in what’s known as the Common Core State Standards Initiative. This organization collaborates in several states. Its head is the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) and the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices (NGA Center). The Common Core training for teachers focuses on 3 main concepts. They include instruction on decimals, fractions, and volume.

Fractions

#### Common Core Training for Fifth Grade Math Teachers

Teachers must learn how to effectively facilitate the advanced learning of fractions. Students learned in previous grades about pieces of pies and how fractions are parts of a whole. By fifth grade, they should know where to put them on a number line. Now they must learn how to not only add and subtract fractions but how to multiply and divide them as well. Students will see fractions with uncommon denominators in word and numeral form. By the end of this unit, they must master fractions within word problems. Fractions build a solid foundation for learning new mathematical concepts.

Decimals

After a student fully grasps fractions, the instructor may move on to decimals. Decimals are important because they teach one problem solving, critical thinking, and reasoning. Starting out, students learn the place value system. They work with decimals by adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing numbers in the thousandths place. Comparison is also instructed in a fifth grade math classroom. Students compare decimals with greater than, less than, and equal to symbols. Rounding is also learned when studying decimals. Whole numbers, decimals, and fractions are all brought into play when going through this unit.

Volume

Last, a fifth grader will be instructed on volume. As a part of the Common Core training for teachers, students are meant to understand more about three-dimensional space and how units will exactly fill up a space of volume. Cubic units such as cubic inches and feet are introduced. Geometry must be incorporated and built on for students to grasp volume. New math formulas will be introduced so students can comprehend these concepts. Students will learn how to add, subtract, multiply, and divide within the realm of volume. As they build their understanding, they may apply their knowledge to real-world math problems. Upon completion, students will have improved their spacial, quantitative, and abstract reasoning abilities.

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